Pelvic pain is a symptom that affects many women and can be caused by a wide variety of conditions and diseases. Women typically describe it as a dull ache or pressure that can also include sharp pains located anywhere in the abdomen below the navel. The pain may be irregular or continuous and can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as lower back pain. Pelvic pain in women can arise from reproductive organs (uterus or ovaries) and/or it can stem from a problem within the gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, or urinary tract systems.


  • Dyspareunia: Pain during sexual intercourse at sexual entry (penetration) or deep pain during shearing.
  • Endometriosis: Disorder in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus and may require surgical intervention.
  • Vulvodynia: Chronic pain or discomfort around the opening of your vagina (vulva).
  • Genito-urinary symptoms of menopause: Changes that occur with or after menopause (natural or induced) that can affect the vagina, vulva, urethra and bladder.
  • Dysuria: Pain during urination.
  • Pudendal Neuralgia: Pain of the pudendal nerve between the anus and the clitoris or penis. Pain radiating along the distribution of the nerve without demonstrable compromise of the nerve structure.
  • Interstitial cystitis (IC /Painful Bladder Syndrome): Discomfort, pressure, tenderness, or pain in the bladder, lower abdomen, and pelvic area – can be mild or severe.
  • Scar and restrictions from C-sections, abdominal surgeries, vaginal scar, cancer related treatments.
  • Vaginismus: Involuntary tightening of the vagina. Often during intercourse, gynecological exam or when inserting tampon. Often caused by muscle spasms.
  • Persistent pelvic pain syndrome.


  • Urinary frequency or urgency.
  • Flow disruption including hesitancy, stopping and starting of the urine stream or incomplete emptying.
  • Pain during urination.
  • Lower abdominal pain.
  • Painful intercourse that can interrupt or prevent completion.

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